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Special Effects/Graphics


The way the camera is used in an action/adventure usually compliments what you are seeing and also helps to create the atmosphere that the director wants at the same time.

For example, in a chase scene, a wide range of different camera angles and positions along with movements are used to put you into the action

Below are the different types of camera angles and movements and when they will be tend to be used.

Establishing shot - used at a start of a scene to show the audience where the characters in this scene are and gives the audience a perspective of the action that is to come.

Close Up - This frames part of the body such as the head or the hands. This is mainly to show any emotion on their face or show something that is important to the plot.

Point of View shot - used to show the action from one of the character's prospectives. This would be commonly used as one of the many camera angles for a chase scene.

Two shot - basically two people seen in one frame.

Long Shot - when the setting takes up most of the frame but performers are close to camera. This is quite often used to highlight any significant buildings or famous landmarks they are near.

High Angle vs Low Angle
High Angle shots are used to look down on a subject whilst Low Angle shots are used to look up on a subject. High Angle shots gives the viewer a sense of power over the subject, making the subject look helpless or in danger whilst Low Angle shots make the subject himself look powerful.

Steadicam - a damped suspension camera which removes jerkiness when moving. This tends to be worn by an operator and tends to follow the characters when they move or when they are in action.

Handheld - this camera is held by an operator, like with steadicam, but the jerkiness isn't removed by any equipment. This is mainly used because of the jerky image, which can create a sense of immediacy, like when the camera runs with the character or when the direct is trying to create a sense of chaos.

Tracking Shot
- The camera follows the action that is occuring by moving along a track that has been set up. These cameras are usually put on a dolly to help move it along faster.

Colin Pike - Wednesday 19th October 2005